Aussie Bee > Native Bee Photo Gallery > Leioproctus Bees

The Leioproctus Bees are a very large and varied group of native bees from the family Colletidae, found right across Australia. With around 200 described species, these furry bees range in size from 4 to 16 mm. Most are black, but some have an abdomen that is orange-red, or metallic blue, green, gold or red.

native Leioproctus Bee and nest

Above: this furry Leioproctus fulvus bee with her metallic golden green abdomen, is about to enter her deep nest burrow in the ground.

Each female digs a nest burrow in the ground and the entrance of the burrow is often surrounded by a conical mound of loose soil particles. A large number of Leioproctus nests may be found in the one area. Some of the larger species may build nest tunnels that are nearly 2 m deep!

native Leioproctus Bee nest site

Above: small mounds of bright orange soil particles surround the entrances of these Leioproctus fulvus nests.

In early Spring, small conical mounds of soil appear in some urban backyards in Sydney. The breeding season of the Feathery Leioproctus Bees (Leioproctus plumosus) has begun.

native Feathery Leioproctus Bee

Above: the Feathery Leioproctus Bee has a metallic green thorax and a dark metallic blue abdomen.

After spending nearly eleven months developing underground, male and female Leioproctus plumosus bees emerge to mate, forage and build new nests. Just one female constructs each nest in a quite deep burrow in the soil. The females pack large balls of pollen onto their hind legs to carry it back to their nests.

Leioproctus bee bringing pollen back to her nest

Above: a female Leioproctus bee carrying large balls of yellow pollen into her nest burrow.

The Sydney Feathery Leioproctus Bees nests that we studied were built by 11-12 mm long, furry bees, with a pretty metallic yellow-green thorax and a dark metallic blue abdomen. Quite a large number of nests may be built close together. However, the bees only fly from early spring to October, and they are not aggressive.

Leioproctus bee with red abdomen

Above: Australian Leioproctus Bees vary quite a lot in appearance. This 8 mm long Leioproctus bee, with her red abdomen, looks quite different from the other two species shown above.

Some Leioproctus Bees are specialist flower pollinators. For instance, some species have elongated tongue segments to allow them to forage on Eremophila flowers and others have dense white hair to help them blend in to their specialist flower -- the smoke bush, Conospermum. Other species are specialist pollinators of Persoonia flowers, including the Persoonia Bee, Leioproctus carinatifrons.

persoonia bee collecting pollen

Above: this female Persoonia Bee, Leioproctus carinatifrons, is a specialist pollinator of the Geebung flower, Persoonia.

Flowers Loved by Native Bees
Other Galleries of Native Bee Photos.

Learn more...

native bee ID tips

Tips on Native Bee Identification

Explore Australian native bees...

Back to top


Australian Native Bees
What are Native Bees?
Native Bee ID Guide
Bee Photo Gallery
Native Bee Videos
Bees in Your Area
Common Questions

Stingless Native Bees
What are Stingless Bees?
Buy Stingless Bees
Keep Stingless Bees
Save a Damaged Nest
Honey Production
Crop Pollination

Support Native Bees
Rescue Native Bees
Make a Bee Hotel
Bee-Friendly Gardens
Bees in Houses - Advice
Varroa Mite Crisis

Study Native Bees
Free In-depth Articles
Native Bee eBooks
Field Guide eBook
Other Good Books

About Aussie Bee
Who We Are
Free Newsletter
Site Map
Privacy Policy
Copyright Policy

Visit Aussie Bee's Facebook page for stories and photos from the world of native bees:
Aussie Bee on Facebook

Back to top