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A devastating landscape of thick black ash, charred trees and smouldering fires stretched in all directions under a choking blanket of smoke. Only the brick building housing the Aussie Bee headquarters remained unscathed. The bee gardens had been destroyed along with many precious bee nests and the Aussie Bee safari caravan and the bees Winter Residence greenhouse had burnt to the ground. This was the afternoon of Christmas Day 2001.
This devastation with the smouldering remains of a bee nest...
has now been restored to
a peaceful native bee haven.
Eight months later, with the marvellous help and encouragement of many Aussie Bee supporters, Aussie Bee has risen from the ashes! Shiny new fences surround the property, the blackened shed has been repaired, truckloads of charred debris have been removed, a new caravan is being fitted out for the next safari, and nodding lavender and hebe flowers in a rainbow of colours await the visits of the bees.
The loss of the bee gardens was both a major setback and a special opportunity. Dense, mature shrubs that had fed our bees for over a decade had been reduced to charred sticks. However, now we had the chance to use all our new knowledge about plants loved by native bees to create even better bee gardens!
These charred plants have been replaced...
...with native bee favorites -- lavenders, hebes and abelias.
Over the years, through our Aussie Bee surveys and the advice and experience of supporters, we have discovered a wonderful diversity of plants that native bees enjoy. These plants would become the foundations of the new bee gardens:
The New Bee Gardens
Plants Loved by Stingless Bees
Abelia x grandiflora
We have found that the original full size Abelia variety attracts native bees much better than the dwarf variety or the golden Abelia.
These long flowering ground covers are popular with stingless bees.
Many Grevilleas such as Grevillea Moonlight provide good nectar for bees.
The lush blooms of the long flowering hebes strongly attract stingless bees.
The coral plants red tubular flowers are great for stingless bees but it spreads quite strongly and can be hard to contain.
Thryptomene saxicola FC Payne
This graceful winter flowering shrub attracts stingless bees and other native bees.
Plants Loved by Blue Banded Bees and Carpenter Bees
Abelia x grandiflora
Blue banded bees and carpenter bees are also regular visitors to the dense flowers of the large Abelia variety.
Buddleja davidii *
Blue banded bees love Buddleja flowers and can often be seen darting from flower to flower.
Lavenders are special favourites of the blue banded bees. The French lavender, Lavandula dentata, is a strong shrub with abundant flowers.
Many varieties of Salvia attract blue banded bees. Densey Clyne, naturalist and author, says Salvia uliginosa is particularly popular with her bees.
This fast growing plant forms a very large, dense shrub. Its abundant purple flowers attract carpenter bees and blue banded bees. These bees are capable of a special type of pollination called buzz pollination. The bee wraps her body around the flower and buzzes it (by vibrating her muscles) to release the pollen. These flowers offer great opportunities for watching the bees perform this interesting behaviour.
This black ash covered everything and even the bird bath was charred...
...but now this garden has been replanted with fan flowers, grevilleas, Christmas bush and colourful annuals.
Plants Loved by Leafcutter Bees
Buddleja davidii *
Leafcutter bees find the Buddlejas soft leaves ideal for nesting materials. They leave their characteristic circular cuts in the edges of the leaves and if you are lucky you may see the leafcutter bees antics as they cut their tiny leaf pieces (see Aussie Bee Issue 9).
Leafcutter bees also love clipping rose leaves for nesting materials.
* Note: Buddleja davidii is a particularly good garden plant for native bees. However, it can act as an environmental weed in damp sclerophyll forest, disturbed areas, roadsides and river beds, especially in Victoria and SA. See: Environmental Weeds: a Field Guide for SE Australia, K Blood (2001). We have not had any problem with it in Sydney but take care that it does not cause a weed problem in your area.
Other Good Bee-Friendly Plants
These nectar rich flowers also attract native bees.
This large shrub, with dense cream flowers in springtime, attracts many native bees.
Many varieties such as the African Daisy Dimorphotheca are long flowering, and popular with native bees.
Gum blossom is often covered with clouds of native bees.
A Contribution of Plants
Plant enthusiast, Maureen Maguire of Mortdale, NSW, (see Aussie Bee Issue 16) came to our aid with offers of native plants handraised to help replant our bee gardens. One bright sunny morning Maureen drove up with her carload of lovingly raised seedlings and we spent a delightful day together planting them in the gardens. We greatly appreciate Maureens contribution!
Maureen Maguire presenting Anne Dollin with the especially selected native plants that she raised to help restore the ANBRC gardens.
Here are some of the plants that Maureen chose and her reasons for including them:
Maureen Maguires Selections
Maureen has seen small native bees such as the Golden Shouldered Leioproctus visiting these myrtle-like flowers.
According to Native Bees of the Sydney Region A Field Guide, Brachyscome species are among the ten best plants for attracting native bees. This Brachyscome is native to the lower Blue Mountains.
Maureen has often seen leafcutters and other small native bees on this species and it flowers for a long period.
Maureen says the Common Teddy Bear Bee and the Common Blue Banded Bee love buzzing the flowers of Hibbertia scandens. Hibbertia dentata was chosen because its slightly less vigorous growth suited the ANBRC gardens better. Maureen hopes it will also attract the bees.
Lemon Scented Tea Tree
Leptospermum species are also in the top ten list in Native Bees of the Sydney Region A Field Guide.
Maureen has seen many small native bees and leafcutters visiting these flowers.
Maureen has seen the Common Teddy Bear Bee, the Common Blue Banded Bee and the Emerald Homalictus buzzing the flowers of this bush. Leafcutters also clip pieces of the leaves for their nests. It flowers over a long period.
Westringia is also in the top ten list in Native Bees of the Sydney Region A Field Guide. Maureen says all bees love this species. It flowers over a long period and is tough and reliable.
Maureen says this is another good Westringia that native bees like.
Other Invaluable Support
Over a hundred Aussie Bee supporters rallied to help us recover from this disaster by sending cash donations. These generous contributions were a tremendous help with the many expenses involved in our repair work and we thank each and every person for their kindness.
This charred debris was all the remained of our native bee safari caravan...
...but now a new caravan is being fitted out for our next safari.
A number of beekeepers even offered us replacement hives of stingless bees! The hives that we lost in the bushfire had been a treasured part of our bee gardens for over a decade and we greatly appreciate the generous offers of these beekeepers. As our new bee gardens begin nectar production this summer we look forward to accepting some hives so that the Aussie Bee gardens will be alive once more with the hum of native bees.
Back In Business Again!
In July, with the Aussie Bee grounds at last largely restored, we turned our attention to our publishing work once more. The purpose of the Aussie Bee safari to Queensland in September 2001 had been to collect additional information for our next volume of Tips on Stingless Beekeeping by Australian Beekeepers. As we began to sort through the mass of ideas, photographs and drawings it soon became clear that there would be ample material for two volumes! So now we are proud to release Volumes 2 and 3 of Tips on Stingless Beekeeping by Australian Beekeepers. We hope these new booklets, brimming with new creative ideas and techniques, will help many Australian beekeepers care for their stingless bees. For more details on these new booklets, please visit the special page on Aussie Bee website.
Aussie Bee has risen from the ashes of the great bushfire of Christmas Day 2001! We thank everyone who supported and encouraged us during this difficult time. From our Aussie Bee headquarters with its newly restored grounds we look forward to sharing the delights of Australian native bees with you for many more years to come.
Please feel free to print out this article or to email copies of the PDF version to your friends. This article may also be reproduced or hosted on other websites providing it is kept in its full and unaltered form including ANBRC contact details.
© 2002 Australian Native Bee Research Centre
PO Box 74, North Richmond NSW 2754, Australia.
PROMOTING THE PRESERVATION AND ENJOYMENT
OF AUSTRALIAN NATIVE BEES
Aussie Bee Website: http://www.aussiebee.com.au